ORIGIN OF THE MEXICAN FLAG
When the Plan of Iguala was promulgated on the 24th
of February of 1821, Don Agustín de Iturbide, a Royalist general who
tried to make peace with the insurgents, the Catholic clergy, and the Royalists
according to the stated plan, the Insurgent general, don Vicente Guerrero
carried a flag with the colors of white, green, and red diagonal stripes,
dedicating it to Don Vicente Guerrero on the second of March of 1821. The
colors represented the three fundamental points of the Plan of Iguala or Plan
of the Three Guarantees:
The order of the colors and the shield (emblem) in the center underwent alterations through history until the President Don Venustiano Carranza decreed on the 20th of September of 1916, that the emblem of the eagle with a serpent would be official as it is known today.
The origin of the Mexican emblem is based on a tradition
which declared: "After a long pilgrimage, ordered by the god Huitzilopochtli,
the Aztecs found an eagle with a serpent between its claws. This was the foretold
sign to found on that site the capital of its dominion."